LAMP is an acronym for a set (complex) of server software widely used on the World Wide Web. LAMP is named after the first letters of its constituent components:
Linux is the operating system on which the web application infrastructure is deployed;
Apache - the web server;
MariaDB / MySQL - used to work with databases ;
PHP - programming language used to create web applications.
First let's update the information about the packages in the repositories:
# apt-get update
Now you can install the software.
To do this at the command line, type:
# apt-get install apache2
Enter the command:
# apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client
During the installation you will be asked for the root password for the mysql-server, it is better to set a more difficult password to avoid hacking.
You can use the command:
# apt-get install php5 php5-mysql
This will also install the base set of PHP extensions and the PHP module for Apache - libapache2-mod-php5
If you plan to host more than one site, you will need to create VirtualHost for all sites in the Apache configuration files.
On Debian, VirtualHosts are connected from a separate directory /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
It is also best to create a separate file for a separate domain and name it with the name of the domain.
Creating a configuration file for a domain
To create a file run the command
Open it for editing in a text editor:
<VirtualHost 220.127.116.11:80 > ServerName mysite.com ServerAlias www.mysite.com DocumentRoot /var/www/sites/mysite.com CustomLog /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.access.log combined ErrorLog /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.error.log AddType application/x-httpd-php .php </VirtualHost>
Instead of 18.104.22.168.111 - use server IP,
Instead of mysite.com - domain name.
Creating a database in MySQL
You need to create a database for the site.
mysql -u root -p
Create a database and give user rights to it:
create database db; grant all privileges on db.* to 'user'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
db - base name,
user - name of the user to be created,
password - password.
Creation of the site directory and installation of CMS*
Create directories for the site and logs, as well as log files themselves:
mkdir /var/www/sites/ mkdir /var/www/sites/mysite.com mkdir /var/www/httpd-logs touch /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.access.log touch /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.error.log
To install the CMS, go to the domain directory and download the distribution of the desired CMS:
cd /var/www/sites/mysite.com wget https://ru.wordpress.org/latest-ru_RU.zip
Then unzip the downloaded archive:
Now, if your DNS records lead correctly to your server, you can go to the site to continue the installation by domain, and if not, then by IP address.