LAMP is an acronym for a set (complex) of server software widely used on the World Wide Web. LAMP is named after the first letters of its constituent components:
Linux is the operating system on which the web application infrastructure is deployed;
Apache - the web server;
MariaDB / MySQL - used to work with databases ;
PHP - programming language used to create web applications.
First let's update the information about the packages in the repositories:
# yum makecache
Now you can install the software.
To do this at the command line, type:
# yum install httpd
Enter the command:
# yum install mysql-server mysql-client
After installation is complete, you must run mysql and reset the password:
# /etc/init.d/mysqld start # /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password
You can use the command:
# yum install php php-mysql
This will also install the base set of PHP extensions and the PHP module for Apache.
In case you plan to host more than one site on the server, you need to create VirtualHost for all sites in the Apache configuration files.
In CentOS, VirtualHosts are connected from a separate directory /etc/httpd/sites-enabled/
To do this, you need to create it:
And add a line to the Apache configuration file:
It is also better to create a separate file for a separate domain and name this file with the name of the domain.
Create a configuration file for the domain.
To create a file run the command
Open the file for editing with any text editor you like and write into it:
<VirtualHost 220.127.116.11:80 > ServerName mysite.com ServerAlias www.mysite.com DocumentRoot /var/www/sites/mysite.com CustomLog /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.access.log combined ErrorLog /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.error.log AddType application/x-httpd-php .php </VirtualHost>
- Instead of 18.104.22.168 - use server IP,
- Instead of mysite.com - domain name.
Creating a database in MySQL
You need to create a database for the site.
mysql -u root -p
Create a database and give user rights to it
create database db grant all privileges on db.* to 'user'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
db - base name,
user - name of the user to be created,
password - password.
Creation of the site directory and installation of CMS*
Create directories for the site and logs, as well as log files themselves:
mkdir /var/www/sites/ mkdir /var/www/sites/mysite.com mkdir /var/www/httpd-logs touch /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.access.log touch /var/www/httpd-logs/mysite.com.error.log
To install the CMS, go to the domain directory and download the distribution of the desired CMS:
cd /var/www/sites/mysite.com wget https://ru.wordpress.org/latest-ru_RU.zip
Then unzip the downloaded archive:
Now, if your DNS records lead correctly to your server, you can go to the site to continue the installation by domain, and if not, then by IP address.
Important! Do not run the installation on servers with a control panel, as it may lead to data loss.