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    Pagespeed – это модуль Nginx, предназначенный для автоматической оптимизации работы сайта путём сокращения времени загрузки сайта в браузере.

    Загрузка исходного кода и зависимостей

    Для начала загружаем зависимости Nginx:

    sudo apt-get build-dep nginx  
    

    Обновляем список пакетов системы:

    sudo apt-get update  
    

    Далее, загрузим все необходимые для компиляции и тестирования программы:

    sudo apt-get install build-essential zlib1g-dev libpcre3 libpcre3-dev unzip uuid-dev  
    

    Затем создадим в домашнем каталоге подкаталог для загрузки пакетов Nginx.

    mkdir ~/custom-nginx  
    

    Откроем его:

    cd ~/custom-nginx  
    

    Далее проверим версию Nginx

    root@kvmde68-19464# nginx -v  
    nginx version: nginx/1.18.0  
    

    И загрузим исходный пакет Nginx с официального сайта.

    sudo wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz  
    
    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx# sudo wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz  
    --2020-07-02 17:22:41--  http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz
    Resolving nginx.org (nginx.org)... 62.210.92.35, 95.211.80.227, 2001:1af8:4060:a004:21::e3  
    Connecting to nginx.org (nginx.org)|62.210.92.35|:80... connected.  
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK  
    Length: 1039530 (1015K) [application/octet-stream]  
    Saving to: 'nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz'  
    
    nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz        100%[======================================>]   1015K  3.76MB/s    in 0.3s  
    
    2020-07-02 17:22:41 (3.76 MB/s) - 'nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz' saved [1039530/1039530]  
    

    Распакуйте полученный архив:

    sudo tar zxvf nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz  
    

    Запросите контент папки ~/custom-nginx:

    ls ~/custom-nginx  
    

    Команда покажет вывод:

    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx# ls ~/custom-nginx  
    nginx-1.18.0  nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz  
    

    Чтобы добавить модуль ngx_pagespeed, нужно сначала открыть папку modules в каталоге nginx-1.18.0:

    cd nginx-1.18.0/src/http/modules/  
    

    В этот каталог нужно загрузить архив ngx_pagespeed из репозитория Github.

    sudo wget https://github.com/pagespeed/ngx_pagespeed/archive/master.zip  
    
    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx/nginx-1.18.0/src/http/modules# sudo wget https://github.com/pagespeed/ngx_pagespeed/archive/master.zip  
    --2020-07-02 17:26:03--  https://github.com/pagespeed/ngx_pagespeed/archive/master.zip
    Resolving github.com (github.com)... 140.82.113.3  
    Connecting to github.com (github.com)|140.82.113.3|:443... connected.  
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 301 Moved Permanently  
    Location: https://github.com/apache/incubator-pagespeed-ngx/archive/master.zip [following]  
    --2020-07-02 17:26:04--  https://github.com/apache/incubator-pagespeed-ngx/archive/master.zip
    Reusing existing connection to github.com:443.  
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found  
    Location: https://codeload.github.com/apache/incubator-pagespeed-ngx/zip/master [following]  
    --2020-07-02 17:26:04--  https://codeload.github.com/apache/incubator-pagespeed-ngx/zip/master
    Resolving codeload.github.com (codeload.github.com)... 140.82.114.10  
    Connecting to codeload.github.com (codeload.github.com)|140.82.114.10|:443... connected.  
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK  
    Length: unspecified [application/zip]  
    Saving to: 'master.zip'  
    
    master.zip                     [  <=>                                  ] 244.77K   664KB/s    in 0.4s  
    
    2020-07-02 17:26:05 (664 KB/s) - 'master.zip' saved [250646]  
    

    После завершения загрузки разархивируйте архив:

    sudo unzip master.zip  
    

    Для удобства переименуйте его в ngx_pagespeed:

    sudo mv incubator-pagespeed-ngx-master ngx_pagespeed  
    

    Откройте каталог:

    cd ngx_pagespeed  
    

    Загрузите в него пакет PageSpeed Optimization Libraries (psol), необходимый для компиляции:

    sudo wget https://dl.google.com/dl/page-speed/psol/1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz  
    
    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx/nginx-1.18.0/src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed# sudo wget https://dl.google.com/dl/page-speed/psol/1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz  
    --2020-07-02 17:27:30--  https://dl.google.com/dl/page-speed/psol/1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz
    Resolving dl.google.com (dl.google.com)... 172.217.22.78, 2a00:1450:4001:81c::200e  
    Connecting to dl.google.com (dl.google.com)|172.217.22.78|:443... connected.  
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK  
    Length: 18740791 (18M) [application/x-tar]  
    Saving to: '1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz'  
    
    1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz       100%[======================================>]  17.87M  12.7MB/s    in 1.4s  
    
    2020-07-02 17:27:32 (12.7 MB/s) - '1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz' saved [18740791/18740791]  
    

    В завершение извлеките архив psol в каталог ngx_pagespeed:

    sudo tar -xzvf 1.13.35.2-x64.tar.gz  
    

    Настройка и компиляция исходного кода

    Теперь нужно отредактировать код Nginx и добавить в него модуль pagespeed. Откройте родительский каталог кода Nginx:

    cd ~/custom-nginx/nginx-1.18.0/  
    

    Смотрим конфигурацию уже установленного nginx в системе:

    # nginx -V
    
    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx/nginx-1.18.0# nginx -V  
    nginx version: nginx/1.18.0  
    built by gcc 6.3.0 20170516 (Debian 6.3.0-18+deb9u1)  
    built with OpenSSL 1.1.0l  10 Sep 2019  
    TLS SNI support enabled  
    configure arguments: --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-compat --with-file-aio --with-threads --with-http_addition_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_slice_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_v2_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-stream --with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module --with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/data/builder/debuild/nginx-1.18.0/debian/debuild-base/nginx-1.18.0=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC' --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now -Wl,--as-needed -pie'
    
    

    Соберем nginx из исходников:

    # sudo ./configure __параметры_у_старого_nginx_ --add-module=:
    
    sudo ./configure --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-compat --with-file-aio --with-threads --with-http_addition_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_slice_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_v2_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-stream --with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module --with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/data/builder/debuild/nginx-1.18.0/debian/debuild-base/nginx-1.18.0=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC' --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now -Wl,--as-needed -pie' --add-module=./src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed/  
    
    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx/nginx-1.18.0# sudo ./configure --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-compat --with-file-aio --with-threads --with-http_addition_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_slice_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_v2_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-stream --with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module --with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/data/builder/debuild/nginx-1.18.0/debian/debuild-base/nginx-1.18.0=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC' --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now -Wl,--as-needed -pie' --add-module=./src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed/  
    checking for OS  
     + Linux 4.9.0-12-amd64 x86_64
    checking for C compiler ... found  
     + using GNU C compiler
     + gcc version: 6.3.0 20170516 (Debian 6.3.0-18+deb9u1) 
    checking for gcc -pipe switch ... found  
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    configuring additional modules  
    adding module in ./src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed/  
    mod_pagespeed_dir=./src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed//psol/include  
    build_from_source=false  
    checking for psol ... found  
    List of modules (in reverse order of applicability): ngx_http_write_filter_module ngx_http_header_filter_module ngx_http_chunked_filter_module ngx_http_v2_filter_module ngx_http_range_header_filter_module ngx_pagespeed_etag_filter ngx_http_gzip_filter_module ngx_pagespeed ngx_http_postpone_filter_module ngx_http_ssi_filter_module ngx_http_charset_filter_module ngx_http_sub_filter_module ngx_http_addition_filter_module ngx_http_gunzip_filter_module ngx_http_userid_filter_module ngx_http_headers_filter_module  
    checking for psol-compiler-compat ... found  
     + ngx_pagespeed was configured
    checking for PCRE library ... found  
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    creating objs/Makefile  
    
    Configuration summary  
      + using threads
      + using system PCRE library
      + using system OpenSSL library
      + using system zlib library
    
      nginx path prefix: "/etc/nginx"
      nginx binary file: "/usr/sbin/nginx"
      nginx modules path: "/usr/lib/nginx/modules"
      nginx configuration prefix: "/etc/nginx"
      nginx configuration file: "/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
      nginx pid file: "/var/run/nginx.pid"
      nginx error log file: "/var/log/nginx/error.log"
      nginx http access log file: "/var/log/nginx/access.log"
      nginx http client request body temporary files: "/var/cache/nginx/client_temp"
      nginx http proxy temporary files: "/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp"
      nginx http fastcgi temporary files: "/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp"
      nginx http uwsgi temporary files: "/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp"
      nginx http scgi temporary files: "/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp"
    
    
    

    Завершив настройку, запустите компиляцию:

    sudo make  
    

    file

    После этого можно установить программу:

    sudo make install  
    

    После этого мы увидим что модуль добавлен:

    root@kvmde68-19464:~/custom-nginx/nginx-1.18.0# nginx -V  
    nginx version: nginx/1.18.0  
    built by gcc 6.3.0 20170516 (Debian 6.3.0-18+deb9u1)  
    built with OpenSSL 1.1.0l  10 Sep 2019  
    TLS SNI support enabled  
    configure arguments: --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-compat --with-file-aio --with-threads --with-http_addition_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_slice_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_v2_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-stream --with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module --with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/data/builder/debuild/nginx-1.18.0/debian/debuild-base/nginx-1.18.0=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC' --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now -Wl,--as-needed -pie' --add-module=./src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed/
    
    

    Включение ngx_pagespeed

    После установки сервера Nginx нужно включить модуль ngx_pagespeed.

    Сначала нужно создать папку, в которой модуль будет хранить кэш файлов сайта:

    sudo mkdir -p /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache  
    

    Передайте права на эту папку пользователю Nginx, чтобы веб-сервер имел необходимый уровень доступа.

    sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache  
    

    Откройте главный конфигурационный файл Nginx, nginx.conf, для редактирования:

    sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf  
    

    Добавьте в блок http строки и сохраните изменения:

    ##
    # Pagespeed Settings
    ##
    pagespeed on;  
    pagespeed FileCachePath /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache;  
    

    Теперь файл /etc/nginx/nginx.conf выглядит так:

    file

    Добавьте в server-блок следующее:

    #  Ensure requests for pagespeed optimized resources go to the pagespeed
    #  handler and no extraneous headers get set.
    location ~ "\.pagespeed\.([a-z]\.)?[a-z]{2}\.[^.]{10}\.[^.]+" { add_header "" ""; }  
    location ~ "^/ngx_pagespeed_static/" { }  
    location ~ "^/ngx_pagespeed_beacon" { }  
    

    Эти параметры настраивают pagespeed для оптимизации сайтов.

    Перезапустите Nginx, чтобы обновить настройки:

    sudo service nginx restart  
    

    Чтобы убедиться, что модуль ngx_pagespeed работает, запустите бинарный файл Nginx.

    sudo /usr/sbin/nginx -V  
    

    Если установка прошла успешно, модуль ngx_pagespeed появится в списке среди других пользовательских аргументов:

    root@kvmde68-19464:~# sudo /usr/sbin/nginx -V  
    nginx version: nginx/1.18.0  
    built by gcc 6.3.0 20170516 (Debian 6.3.0-18+deb9u1)  
    built with OpenSSL 1.1.0l  10 Sep 2019  
    --add-module=./src/http/modules/ngx_pagespeed/
    

    Теперь проверим, является ли модуль работающим или нет. Вы можете проверить его, выполнив следующую команду:

    curl -I -p IP_вашего_сервера  
    

    Вы должны увидеть следующий вывод:

    root@kvmde68-19464:~# curl -I -p 5.187.7.109  
    HTTP/1.1 200 OK  
    Server: nginx  
    Content-Type: text/html  
    Connection: keep-alive  
    Keep-Alive: timeout=60  
    ETag: "29cd-5665e85740a22"  
    Date: Fri, 03 Jul 2020 14:12:14 GMT  
    X-Page-Speed: 1.13.35.2-0  
    Cache-Control: max-age=0, no-cache  
    

    Вы должны увидеть X-Page-Speed ​​и номер версии в выводе выше.
    Это означает, что вы успешно установили Ngx_pagespeed на сервере.


    Если у Вас возникли трудности в настройке или появились дополнительные вопросы, вы всегда можете обращаться в нашу службу поддержки через систему тикетов.