After giving the server with Ubuntu 18.04, by default MySQL will be installed version 5.7.30, if you need to upgrade the version, do the following steps:
mysqladmin Ver 8.42 Distrib 5.7.30, for Linux on x86_64 Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Server version 5.7.30-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 Protocol version 10 Connection Localhost via UNIX socket UNIX socket /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock Uptime: 44 min 19 sec Threads: 1 Questions: 50 Slow queries: 0 Opens: 115 Flushing tables: 1 Open tables: 24 Queries per second avg: 0.018
Started installing MySQL 8.0.20
Enter a command that updates the lists of packages from the repositories to get information about the latest versions of packages and their dependencies.
sudo apt update
Enter a command that retrieves new versions of packages that exist on the server:
sudo apt upgrade
Download the file using wget:
wget -c https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb
[email protected]:~# wget -c https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb --2020-05-28 16:11:54-- https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb Resolving dev.mysql.com (dev.mysql.com)... 220.127.116.11 Connecting to dev.mysql.com (dev.mysql.com)|18.104.22.168|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, waiting for response... 302 Found Location: https://repo.mysql.com//mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb [following] --2020-05-28 16:11:54-- https://repo.mysql.com//mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb Resolving repo.mysql.com (repo.mysql.com)... 22.214.171.124 Connecting to repo.mysql.com (repo.mysql.com)|126.96.36.199|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 35532 (35K) [application/x-debian-package] Saving to: 'mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb' mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_ 100%[=======================================>] 34.70K --.-KB/s in 0.008s 2020-05-28 16:11:54 (4.05 MB/s) - 'mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb' saved [35532/35532]
To check that the file downloaded, type:
[email protected]:~# ls mysql-apt-config_0.8.15-1_all.deb ubuntu-echo
Next, unpack and install it:
sudo dpkg -i mysql-apt-config
Next, a window will appear in which you should check that it is MySQL Server & Cluster (Currently selected: mysql-8.0)
Next, enter the following commands:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
Install MySQL server:
sudo apt install mysql-server
A window will open in which you need to enter a new root password for MySQL (Ubuntu and MySQL passwords may be different)
Next, let's click Ok
In the window, where it says about new MySQL 8 Authentication - click Use Strong Password Encryption (Recommended)
Next, we enter the command:
Enter the MySQL password.
From there, the security questions can be answered as follows
[email protected]:~# mysql_secure_installation Securing the MySQL server deployment. VALIDATE PASSWORD COMPONENT can be used to test passwords and improve security. It checks the strength of password and allows the users to set only those passwords which are secure enough. Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD component? Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: N Using existing password for root. Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : n ... skipping. By default, a MySQL installation has anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y Success. Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y Success. By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y - Dropping test database... Success. - Removing privileges on test database... Success. Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y Success. All done!
To check that MySQL is working, we type:
systemctl status mysql
[email protected]:~# systemctl status mysql Mysql.service - MySQL Community Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Fri 2020-05-29 15:08:58 CEST; 1min 16s ago Docs: man:mysqld(8) http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/en/using-systemd.html Main PID: 22976 (mysqld) Status: "Server is operational" Tasks: 39 (limit: 1108) CGroup: /system.slice/mysql.service └─22976 /usr/sbin/mysqld May 29 15:08:56 kvmde68-19464.fornex.org systemd: Starting MySQL Community Server... May 29 15:08:58 kvmde68-19464.fornex.org systemd: Started MySQL Community Server.
Enter a command to check that MySQL 8.0 is installed, not MySQL5.*:
mysqladmin -u root -p version
[email protected]:~# mysqladmin -u root -p version Enter password mysqladmin Ver 8.0.20 for Linux on x86_64 (MySQL Community Server - GPL) Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Server version 8.0.20 Protocol version 10 Connection Localhost via UNIX socket UNIX socket /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock Uptime: 1 min 47 sec Threads: 2 Questions: 15 Slow queries: 0 Opens: 145 Flush tables: 3 Open tables: 66 Queries per second avg: 0.140
MySQL version upgraded to version 8.0.20
If you have already tried to install MySQL and had an error at some point, run these commands to start the process over again:
sudo -i service mysql stop killall -KILL mysql mysqld_safe mysqld apt-get --yes purge mysql-server mysql-client apt-get --yes autoremove --purge apt-get autoclean deluser --remove-home mysql delgroup mysql rm -rf /etc/apparmor.d/abstractions/mysql /etc/apparmor.d/cache/usr.sbin.mysqld /etc/mysql /var/lib/mysql /var/log/mysql* /var/log/upstart/mysql.log* /var/run/mysqld updatedb exit
If you have configuration difficulties or have additional questions, you can always contact our support team via Ticket system.